Hittade 2 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Cost-optimality.
1. Cost-optimality approach for prioritisation of buildings envelope energy renovation A techno-economic perspectiveDetta är en avhandling från Växjö : Linnaeus University Press
Sammanfattning : The existing residential buildings in the European countries are rather old and often fail to meet the current energy performance criteria. In Sweden, about 45% of the existing residential buildings have been constructed before 1960. LÄS MER
- Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press
Sammanfattning : In Sweden, buildings are responsible for about 40 % of total energy use and about 10 % of total CO2 emissions Today more than 60 % of existing Swedish residential buildings are over 40 years old and are in need of major renovation. In addition, 15 % of all multi-family buildings and 27 % of all single-family houses were built before 1945. LÄS MER