Sökning: "Core hole lifetime"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 10 avhandlingar innehållade orden Core hole lifetime.

  1. 1. Solvent–Solute Interaction : Studied by Synchrotron Radiation Based Photo and Auger Electron Spectroscopies

    Författare :Wandared Pokapanich; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Arnaldo Naves de Brito; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Interatomic Coulombic Decay; ICD; Auger electron spectroscopy; AES; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; XPS; Ultra-violet spectroscopy; UPS; localized; delocalized; double ionization potential; DIP; two hole; final states; Water; H2O; Potassium chloride; KCl; Calcium chloride; CaCl2; Ammonium; NH4; Core hole; clock; lifetime; solvated; ion; alkali; halide; Coster Kronig; MAX-lab; BESSY; Liquid physics; Vätskefysik; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Aqueous solutions were studied using photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy, based on synchrotron radiation and a liquid micro-jet setup. By varying the photon energy in photoelectron spectra, we depth profiled an aqueous tetrabutylammonium iodide (TBAI) solution. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Photoelectron Spectroscopy on Atoms, Molecules and Clusters : The Geometric and Electronic Structure Studied by Synchrotron Radiation and Lasers

    Författare :Torbjörn Rander; Olle Björneholm; Gunnar Öhrwall; Maxim Tchaplyguine; Matthias Neeb; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Atomic and molecular physics; Free clusters; Electron spectroscopy; Doped clusters; Laser excitation; Alkali metals; Electronic structure; Geometric structure; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy XPS ; Resonant Auger spectroscopy RAS ; Near-threshold x-ray absorption fine structure NEXAFS ; Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy UPS ; Detuning; Ultra-fast dissociation UFD ; Sodium; Potassium; Oxygen; Bromomethane; Argon; Xenon; Krypton; Molecular field splitting; Core hole lifetime; Core excitation; Atom- och molekylfysik;

    Sammanfattning : Atoms, molecules and clusters all constitute building blocks of macroscopic matter. Therefore, understanding the electronic and geometrical properties of such systems is the key to understanding the properties of solid state objects. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Ultrafast Photoinduced Processes in Core and Core–Shell Quantum Dots for Solar Cell Applications “Tiny Crystals for Big Applications”

    Författare :Mohamed Qenawy; Kemisk fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Quantum dots; core–shell; electron injection; hole injection; hole trapping; exciton migration; solar cells; ultrafast dynamics; time-resolved spectroscopy.;

    Sammanfattning : The balance between our demands of energy and the energy we are consuming is not in equilibrium anymore. Therefore, the search for other energy resources is indispensable. Sustainable energy sources offer the alternative to the fossil fuels. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Core Level Spectroscopy of Water and Ice

    Författare :Dennis Nordlund; Anders Nilsson; Martin Wolf; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; x-ray adsorption spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; platinum; x-ray emission spectroscopy; density functional theory; hydrogen-bonded; H-bond; water; ice; electronic structure; excited state dynamics; proton dynamics; water adsorption; liquid water; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : A core level spectroscopy study of ice and water is presented in this thesis. Combining a number of experiments and spectrum calculations based on density functional theory, changes in the local valence electronic structure are shown to be sensitive to the local H-bonding configurations. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dissociation dynamics of highly excited molecules: Theory and Experiment

    Författare :Shabnam Oghbaie; Mathieu Gisselbrecht; Synkrotronljusfysik; []
    Nyckelord :Molecular dissociation; core-electron excitation; double ionization; femtoseconds molecular dynamics; Isomerization; symmetry breaking; momentum imaging; site-selective dissociation; butadiene; cyclopropane; nuclear dynamics; Auger decay;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents studies on dissociation of two model molecules: Butadiene and Cyclopropane. Tunable synchrotron radiation was used to ionize or excite the molecules in the gas phase, and the momentum correlation of the resulting fragment ions were measured using a 3D momenta coincident ion spectroscopy. LÄS MER