Sökning: "Condensed matter physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 582 avhandlingar innehållade orden Condensed matter physics.

  1. 1. Interacting Dirac Matter

    Författare :Saikat Banerjee; Alexander V. Balatsky; Jens Paaske; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Dirac; superconductor; magnon; interaction; Fermi liquid theory; renormalization; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The discovery of graphene in 2004 has led to a surge of activities focused on the theoretical and experimental studies of materials hosting linearly dispersive quasiparticles during the last decade. Rapid expansion in the list of materials having similar properties to graphene has led to the emergence of a new class of materials known as the Dirac materials. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Effects of disorder in metallic systems from First-Principles calculations

    Författare :Christian Asker; Igor Abrikosov; Jörg Neugebauer; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Iron; Nickel; Magnesium; Manganese; Molybdenum; Zirconium; Elastic Constants; High pressure; Earth s core; Density-functional theory; Ab-initio; First-Principles; Core-level shifts; Molecular Dynamics; Phonons; Dynamical Instability; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, quantum-mechanical calculations within density-functional theory on metallic systems are presented. The overarching goal has been to investigate effects of disorder. In particular, one of the properties investigated is the bindingenergy shifts for core electrons in binary alloys using different theoretical methods. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Quantum transport and geometric integration for molecular systems

    Författare :Anders Odell; Anna Delin; Anders Niklasson; Michael Springborg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; density functional theory; ab initio; first principles; electron transport; photoswitching; molecular dynamics; geometric integration; Condensed matter physics; Kondenserade materiens fysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik;

    Sammanfattning : Molecular electronics is envisioned as a possible next step in device miniaturization. It is usually taken to mean the design and manufacturing of electronic devices and applications where organic molecules work as the fundamental functioning unit. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Epitaxial Growth and Design of Nanowires and Complex Nanostructures

    Författare :Kimberly Dick Thelander; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Natural science; III-V Semiconductor Materials; Fysik; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; phase equilibria; crystallography; thermal and mechanical properties; Condensed matter:stucture; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Naturvetenskap; Physics; Nanowires; Vapour Phase Epitaxy; Semiconductory physics; Halvledarfysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes the epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor nanowires using Au seed particles, and the design of more complex three-dimensional branched structures from these wires. Growth was performed by metallorganic vapour phase epitaxy, in which precursor molecules for the semiconductor material components are introduced in a low-pressure vapour. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Metal and Semiconductor Nanocrystals for Quantum Devices

    Författare :Martin Magnusson; Fasta tillståndets fysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; thermal and mechanical properties; quantum devices; nanocrystals; nanoparticles; gold; aerosol technology; tungsten; gallium arsenide; indium phosphide; semiconductors; thermal charging; nanoxerography; single electron transistors; nanowhiskers; Physics; Fysik; Semiconductory physics; Condensed matter:stucture; Halvledarfysik; crystallography; phase equilibria; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:struktur; egenskaper termiska och mekaniska ; kristallografi; fasjämvikt; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Magnusson;

    Sammanfattning : Aerosol technology was used to develop new methods for fabrication of size-selected, nanometer-sized particles of metals and semiconductors. Such particles were used to realize different types of quantum devices and nanometer-sized structures. LÄS MER