Sökning: "CYP"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 85 avhandlingar innehållade ordet CYP.

  1. 1. In Vitro Studies of Adrenocorticolytic DDT Metabolites, with Special Focus on 3-methylsulfonyl-DDE

    Författare :Vendela Asp; Ingvar Brandt; Ulrika Bergström; Olle Söder; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Toxicity; 3-methylsulfonyl-DDE; CYP; adrenal cortex; metabolic activation; steroid hormones; Y-1; H295R; mitotane; adrenocortical carcinoma; Toxicology; Toxikologi; Biologi med inriktning mot ekotoxikologi; Biology with specialization in Environmental Toxicology;

    Sammanfattning : The DDT metabolite 3-methylsulfonyl-DDE (3-MeSO2-DDE) is bioactivated by cytochrome P450 11B1 (CYP11B1) in the adrenal cortex of mice and forms irreversibly bound protein adducts, reduces glucocorticoid secretion, and induces cell death selectively in cortisol-producing adrenocortical cells. 3-MeSO2-DDE has therefore been proposed as a lead compound for an improved adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) therapy. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Retinoic Acid Metabolism Blocking Agents and the Skin : In vivo and in vitro Studies of the Effects on Normal and Diseased Human Epidermis

    Författare :Elizabeth Pavez Loriè; Anders Vahlquist; Hans Törmä; Marie Virtanen; Helen Håkansson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; CYP; CYP26; retinoids; vitamin A; RAMBA; metabolism; keratinocyte; epidermis; retinoid regulated genes; Dermatology and venerology; Dermatologi och venerologi;

    Sammanfattning : Retinoic Acid Metabolism Blocking Agents (RAMBAs) increase the endogenous levels of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) by inhibiting CYP26 enzymes. Thus they are believed to mimic the effects of retinoid treatment. Their mechanism of action and effects on vitamin A metabolism in keratinocytes are however uncertain. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Steroid-Metabolizing Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Enzymes in the Maintenance of Cholesterol and Sex Hormone Levels

    Författare :Hanna Pettersson; Maria Norlin; Kjell Wikvall; Paolo Parini; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; CYP27A1; CYP7B1; cytochrome P450; estrogen receptor; androgen receptor; cholesterol; sex hormone; hydroxylation; steroid metabolism; regulation of steroid levels; Pharmaceutical biochemistry; Farmaceutisk biokemi; Farmaceutisk biokemi; Pharmaceutical Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The enzymes CYP27A1 and CYP7B1 are widely expressed in various human tissues and perform catalytic reactions in cholesterol homeostasis and endocrine signaling. We have investigated the metabolism of a synthetic oxysterol. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Uptake and bioaccumulation of ionizable pharmaceuticals in aquatic organisms

    Författare :Marja L. Boström; Enhet akvatisk ekologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antidepressiva medel; Avloppsvatten; BAF; BCF; Bioackumulation; Biokoncentration; Biomagnifikation; CYP; Extraktionsteknik; HF-LPME; Joniserbara läkemedel; Metabolism; pH; Riskanalys; Tolerans; Antidepressant; BAF; BCF; Bioaccumulation; Bioconcentration; Biomagnification; CYP; Extraction technique; HF-LPME; Ionizable pharmaceutical; Metabolism; pH; Risk assessment; Tolerance; Wastewater;

    Sammanfattning : Pharmaceuticals are found at low concentrations (ng/L) in aquatic environments but bioaccumulation may result in aquatic organisms reaching internal effect levels (µg/L). Environmental hazard assessments include standardized bioaccumulation tests but contrary to the model substances around which the frameworks are built most pharmaceuticals are designed to mimic endogenic chemicals, ionizable, and less lipophilic. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Novel Fatty Acid Dioxygenases of Human and Plant Pathogenic Fungi : Studies by Gene Deletion and Expression

    Författare :Fredrik Jernerén; Ernst Oliw; Ivo Feussner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; aspergilli; dioxygenase; oxygenase; Magnaporthe oryzae; Gaeumannomyces graminis; Lasiodiplodia theobromae; jasmonic acid; linoleate diol synthase; cyclooxygenase; prostaglandin H synthase; cytochrome P450; oxylipin; hydroperoxide isomerase; allene oxide synthase; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Biochemical Pharmacology; Biokemisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : The dioxygenase-cytochrome P450 fusion proteins (DOX-CYP) comprise a heme-containing enzyme family that shares structural and catalytic properties with mammalian prostaglandin H (PGH) synthases. 7,8-Linoleate diol synthase (7,8-LDS) of Gaeumannomyces graminis was first characterized, and DOX-CYP enzymes are of mechanistic and biological interest. LÄS MER