Sökning: "CO2 sensing"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 21 avhandlingar innehållade orden CO2 sensing.

  1. 1. Mid-infrared photonic devices for on-chip optical gas sensing

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Floria Ottonello Briano; KTH.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; mid-infrared; mid-IR; photonics; silicon photonics; gas sensing; optical sensing; optical gas sensing; spectroscopy; absorption; dispersion; carbon dioxide; CO2; CO2 sensing; trace gas; ethanol sensing; alcohol sensing; waveguide; photonic waveguide; ring resonator; nanowire; nanoheater; emitter; thermal source; bolometer; microbolometer; thermal detector; high frequency; 3 omega method; plasmonic; platinum; Kanthal; silicon-on-insulator; micro-electro-mechanical systems MEMS ; microfabrication; microsystems; microtechnology; nanotechnology; Optics and Photonics; Optik och fotonik; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Gas detection is crucial in a wide range of fields and applications, such as safety and process control in the industry, atmospheric sciences, and breath diagnostics. Optical gas sensing offers some key advantages, compared to other sensing methods such as electrochemical and semiconductor sensing: high specificity, fast response, and minimal drift. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Integration of graphene into MEMS and NEMS for sensing applications

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Xuge Fan; KTH.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Micro-electromechanical systems MEMS ; Nano-electromechanical systems NEMS ; heterogeneous 3D integration; Graphene; single-layer graphene; double-layer graphene; bilayer graphene; chemical vapor deposition CVD ; suspended graphene beams; suspended graphene membranes; doubly clamped; fully clamped; silicon on insulator SOI ; vapor hydrofluoric acid VHF ; Young’s modulus; built-in stress; built-in tension; piezoresistivity; gauge factor; accelerometer; resonators; electromechanical sensing; advanced transducers; humidity; gas sensing; sensitivity; CO2 sensing; graphene grain boundary; line defects; optical microscopy; wire bonding; Electrical Engineering; Elektro- och systemteknik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents a novel approach to integrate chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene into silicon micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS) to fabricate different graphene based MEMS/NEMS structures and explore mechanical properties of graphene as well as their applications such as acceleration sensing, humidity sensing and CO2 sensing. The thesis also presents a novel method of characterization of CVD graphene grain boundary based defects. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Studies of Volcanic Plumes with Spectroscopic Remote Sensing Techniques

    Detta är en avhandling från KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Santiago Arellano; [2013]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Remote Sensing; FTIR; DOAS; Volcanic gas emissions;

    Sammanfattning : Volcanism is a widespread phenomenon on Earth and other planetary bodies. Terrestrial volcanoes are shallow manifestations of deep and complex mechanisms of heat and mass transport and play an important role in the formation and change of the atmosphere and the natural landscape. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Microfluidics at High Pressures Understanding, Sensing, and Control

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Martin Andersson; Uppsala universitet.; [2018]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; High-pressure microfluidics; supercritical CO2; compressible flow; relative permittivity; integrated electrodes; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot mikrosystemteknik; Engineering Science with specialization in Microsystems Technology;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis explores understanding, sensing, and control in high-pressure microfluidics. The high-pressure regime allows fluids to be forced through narrow channels at substantial speed and creates conditions for fluids of high density and low viscosity—features desired in flow-based chemical analyses. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Air-Sea Fluxes of CO2 Analysis Methods and Impact on Carbon Budget

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Maria Norman; Uppsala universitet.; [2013]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; air-sea exchange; carbon dioxide; Baltic Sea; eddy-covariance method; inertial dissipation method; cospectral-peak method; Baltic Sea measurements; CO2 fluxes; Galathea 3 expedition; Baltic Sea modeling; water-side convection; coastal upwelling; carbon budget; Meteorologi; Meteorology;

    Sammanfattning : Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an important greenhouse gas, and the atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased by more than 100 ppm since prior to the industrial revolution.  The global oceans are considered an important sink of atmospheric CO2, since approximately one third of the anthropogenic emissions are absorbed by the oceans. LÄS MER