Sökning: "Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 15 avhandlingar innehållade orden Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi.

  1. 1. Targeting Infectious Disease : Structural and functional studies of proteins from two RNA viruses and Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Författare :Anna M. Jansson; T. Alwyn Jones; Sherry L. Mowbray; E. Yvonne Jones; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; RNA virus; coronavirus; alphacoronavirus; nsp1; TGEV; flavivirus; Modoc virus; NS5; methyltransferase; mRNA capping; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis; 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase; DXR; fosmidomycin analogues; MEP pathway; drug development; xray-crystallography; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Sammanfattning : The recent emergence of a number of new viral diseases as well as the re-emergence of tuberculosis (TB), indicate an urgent need for new drugs against viral and bacterial infections.Coronavirus nsp1 has been shown to induce suppression of host gene expression and interfere with host immune response. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Of spiders, bugs, and men : Structural and functional studies of proteins involved in assembly

    Författare :Wangshu Jiang; Stefan D Knight; Steve J. Matthews; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Protein assembly; sulfate transporter; crystallography; Proteus mirabilis; fimbriae; adhesin; urinary tract infection; biofilm; spider silk; asymmetric dimer; Bri2; BRICHOS; molecular chaperone; Alzheimer s disease; amyloid; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Protein assembly enables complex machineries while being economical with genetic information. However, protein assembly also constitutes a potential threat to the host, and needs to be carefully regulated.Sulfate is a common source of sulfur for cysteine synthesis in bacteria. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Antibiotic Resistance and the Cellular Currency S-adenosyl-methionine : Modification of aminoglycosides and nucleic acids

    Författare :Sandesh Kanchugal P; Maria Selmer; Ditlev Brodersen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antibiotic resistance; streptomycin; spectinomycin; X-ray crystallography; methyltransferase; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Streptomycin and spectinomycin are antibiotics that bind to ribosomes and inhibit protein synthesis. Common resistance mechanisms involve enzymatic modification of the two drugs by aminoglycoside nucleotidyltransferases (ANTs). The first part of this thesis covers the structural mechanism of two ANT enzymes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Evolutionary and Pharmacological Studies of NPY and QRFP Receptors

    Författare :Bo Xu; Dan Larhammar; Samuel Svensson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neuropeptide Y; genome duplication; Evolution; vertebrate; Pharmacology; Modelling; Kinetics; Bioinformatik; Bioinformatics; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär genetik; Biologi med inriktning mot evolutionär funktionsgenomik; Biology with specialization in Evolutionary Functional Genomics; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Pharmaceutical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : The neuropeptide Y (NPY) system consists of 3-4 peptides and 4-7 receptors in vertebrates. It has powerful effects on appetite regulation and is involved in many other biological processes including blood pressure regulation, bone formation and anxiety. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Structural and Biochemical Studies of Antibiotic Resistance and Ribosomal Frameshifting

    Författare :Yang Chen; Maria Selmer; Dominique Fourmy; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; protein synthesis; elongation; elongation factor G; fusidic acid; antibiotic resistance; aminoglycoside adenyltransferase; ribosomal frameshifting; Biology with specialization in Structural Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot strukturbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Protein synthesis, translation, performed by the ribosome, is a fundamental process of life and one of the main targets of antibacterial drugs. This thesis provides structural and biochemical understanding of three aspects of bacterial translation.Elongation factor G (EF-G) is the target for the antibiotic fusidic acid (FA). LÄS MER