Sökning: "Biokemisk farmakologi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden Biokemisk farmakologi.

  1. 1. Cannabinoids as modulators of cancer cell viability, neuronal differentiation, and embryonal development

    Författare :Sofia Gustafsson; Stig Jacobsson; Birgitta Sander; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cannabinoids; cell viability; neuronal differentiation; colorectal cancer; chick embryo; biokemisk farmakologi; biochemical pharmacology; Toxicology; toxikologi;

    Sammanfattning : Cannabinoids (CBs) are compounds that activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB receptors mediate many different physiological functions, and cannabinoids have been reported to decrease tumor cell viability, proliferation, migration, as well as to modulate metastasis. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Novel Fatty Acid Dioxygenases of Human and Plant Pathogenic Fungi : Studies by Gene Deletion and Expression

    Författare :Fredrik Jernerén; Ernst Oliw; Ivo Feussner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; aspergilli; dioxygenase; oxygenase; Magnaporthe oryzae; Gaeumannomyces graminis; Lasiodiplodia theobromae; jasmonic acid; linoleate diol synthase; cyclooxygenase; prostaglandin H synthase; cytochrome P450; oxylipin; hydroperoxide isomerase; allene oxide synthase; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Biochemical Pharmacology; Biokemisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : The dioxygenase-cytochrome P450 fusion proteins (DOX-CYP) comprise a heme-containing enzyme family that shares structural and catalytic properties with mammalian prostaglandin H (PGH) synthases. 7,8-Linoleate diol synthase (7,8-LDS) of Gaeumannomyces graminis was first characterized, and DOX-CYP enzymes are of mechanistic and biological interest. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Oxylipins : Application to Cytochrome P450-Dependent Metabolism

    Författare :Tomas Nilsson; Ernst Oliw; Johan Bylund; Mikael Hedeland; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; epoxyalcohols; fatty acids; hydroperoxides; electrospray ionization; ichthyosis; CYP4; linear ion trap; fragmentation mechanism; Pharmaceutical pharmacology; Farmaceutisk farmakologi; Biochemical Pharmacology; Biokemisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Cytochrome P450 (CYP) family 4 constitutes monoxygenases responsible for hydroxylation of fatty acids and other lipids. For example, CYP4F3 metabolizes leukotrienes and CYP4F8 prostaglandin H. Importantly, six of the twelve CYP4 enzymes are orphans, i.e. LÄS MER

  4. 4. UDP-sugar metabolizing pyrophosphorylases in plants : formation of precursors for essential glycosylation-reactions

    Författare :Daniel Decker; Leszek A. Kleczkowski; Henrik Vibe Schelle; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURVETENSKAP; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Chemical library screening; Cell wall synthesis; Glycosylation; Nucleotide sugars; Oligomerization; Protein structure; Reverse chemical genetics; Sugar activation; UDP-sugar synthesis; biokemisk farmakologi; biochemical pharmacology; biokemi; Biochemistry; biology; biologi; molekylärbiologi; Molecular Biology;

    Sammanfattning : UDP-sugar metabolizing pyrophosphorylases provide the primary mechanism for de novo synthesis of UDP-sugars, which can then be used for myriads of glycosyltranferase reactions, producing cell wall carbohydrates, sucrose, glycoproteins and glycolipids, as well as many other glycosylated compounds. The pyrophosphorylases can be divided into three families: UDP-Glc pyrophosphorylase (UGPase), UDP-sugar pyrophosphorylase (USPase) and UDP-N-acety lglucosamine pyrophosphorylase (UAGPase), which can be discriminated both by differences in accepted substrate range and amino acid sequences. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The structural basis for the catalytic specificity of manganese lipoxygenases : 3D structure analysis of the lipoxygenase of Magnaporthe oryzae

    Författare :Anneli Wennman; Ernst H. Oliw; Marcia Newcomer; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; oxylipin; lipoxygenase; crystal structure; crystallography; HPLC; mass spectrometry; yeast; site-directed mutagenesis; fungi; Biokemisk farmakologi; Biochemical Pharmacology;

    Sammanfattning : Lipoxygenases (LOX) catalyze regio- and stereospecific oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids to hydroperoxides. These hydroperoxides are further metabolized to leukotrienes and lipoxins in mammals, and are involved in asthma and inflammation. LOX of animals and plants contain iron as catalytic metal (FeLOX). LÄS MER