Sökning: "Bioaccumulation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 44 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Bioaccumulation.

  1. 1. Persistency, bioaccumulation and toxicity assessment of selected brominated flame retardants

    Författare :Jenny Rattfelt Nyholm; Patrik L. Andersson; Peter Haglund; Mats Tysklind; Walter Vetter; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; persistence; bioaccumulation; toxicity; biodegradation; biotransformation; PBT; read across; soil; earthworm; zebrafish; copepod; BFRs; polybrominated diphenyl ethers; tetrabromobisphenol A; hexabromocyclododecane; hexabromobenzene; 2; 4; 6-tribromophenol; tetrabromobisphenol A; 2-hydroxyethyl ether; 1; 2-dibromo-4- 1; 2-dibromoethyl cyclohexane; Environmental chemistry; Miljökemi;

    Sammanfattning : Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are chemicals used in e.g. electronic equipment, textiles and plastics for the prevention of fire. Over recent decades, concern has been raised regarding some heavily used BFRs, since the levels in the environment have been increasing. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Formation, uptake and bioaccumulation of methylmercury in coastal seas : a baltic sea case study

    Författare :Aleksandra Skrobonja; Erik Björn; Agneta Andersson; Anne L. Soerensen; Marc Amyot; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Mercury; methylmercury; bioaccumulation; mesososm; isotope tracers; methylation; demethylation; stability constant; kinetic model; coastal sea; ICPMS; LC-MS MS;

    Sammanfattning : Methylmercury (MeHg) is a potent neurotoxin which can bioaccumulate to harmful levels in aquatic food webs. Methylmercury formation is a predominantly biotic process which involves phylogenically diverse microorganisms (e.g. iron- or sulfate-reducing bacteria). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chlorinated Paraffins: improved understanding of their bioaccumulation and toxicity in Daphnia magna

    Författare :Mafalda Castro; Magnus Breitholtz; Anna Sobek; Elena Gorokhova; Lillemor Asplund; Martin Scheringer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; chlorinated paraffins; POPs; bioaccumulation; toxicity; ecotoxicology; aquatic toxicology; daphnia magna; liposomes; passive dosing; hydrophobic; mixtures; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are industrial chemicals, mainly used as flame retardants, plasticizers and metal cutting fluids. Their production has reached historically high levels in the last decade, with an annual production exceeding one million tonnes. LÄS MER

  4. 4. PBDEs in the Environment : Time trends, bioaccumulation and the identification of their successor, decabromodiphenyl ethane

    Författare :Amelie Kierkegaard; Lillemor Asplund; Cynthia de Wit; Michael McLachlan; Jacob de Boer; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :PBDE; BDE209; dietary absorption; metabolism; debromination; bioaccumulation; decabromodiphenyl ethane; decabromodiphenyl ether; Applied Environmental Science; tillämpad miljövetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are important chemical flame retardants, but also environmental pollutants. Their bromine substitution lends them a different bioaccumulation behaviour than the better studied organochlorines.The contamination of a Swedish lake with lower brominated BDEs was assessed by a retrospective study of pike. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Unraveling the importance of solid and adsorbed phase mercury speciation for methylmercury formation, evasion and bioaccumulation

    Författare :Sofi Jonsson; Erik Björn; Ulf Skyllberg; Erik Lundberg; Per Persson; Robert Mason; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; mercury; methylmercury; aquatic systems; estuary; Hg; MeHg; bioaccumulation; methylation; demethylation; evasion; sediment; water; terrestrial sources; atmospheric sources; climate change; eutrophication;

    Sammanfattning : Monomethylmercury, MeHg, is formed under anoxic conditions in waters, sediments and soils and then bioaccumulated and biomagnified in aquatic food webs, negatively effecting both human and wildlife health. It is generally accepted that precipitation of mercury, Hg, and adsorption of Hg to e.g. LÄS MER