Sökning: "BaZrO3"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade ordet BaZrO3.

  1. 1. Acceptor-Doped BaZrO3 Perovskite: Synthesis, Structure and Proton Conductivity

    Författare :Istaq Ahmed; [2008]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Impedance spectroscopy; Perovskite; Neutron diffraction; Rietveld refinement; BaZrO3.; Proton conductor;

    Sammanfattning : Acceptor-doped perovskite oxides exhibit significant proton conductivity in hydrogen containing atmospheres. Therefore, they have potential for use as separator materials for various electrochemical devices including gas sensors, electrolysers and fuel cells. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Functional Oxide Materials exhibiting Ionic Conductivity for Future Energy Conversion Needs

    Författare :FRANCIS GACHAO KINYANJUI; [2013]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; neutron diffraction; perovskites; oxygen deficient perovskites; BaSnO3; Rietveld refinements; BaZrO3; in-situ cells; proton conduction; deuteron position; Ba3In2ZrO8;

    Sammanfattning : Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that transform the chemical energy in hydrogen and oxygen into electrical energy at high efficiencies and produce only water vapour emissions. Materials with the perovskite or fluorite structure types are commonly employed as the ion conducting ceramic electrolyte membranes in intermediate and high temperature fuel cells. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On the defective origin of conductive and structural properties of oxides: insights from first principles

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Anders Lindman; [2017]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; point defects; thermodynamic modeling; proton conductors; oxyhydrides; density-functional theory; BaZrO3; polarons; grain boundaries; space charges; oxides;

    Sammanfattning : Oxides are versatile materials with applications in many different research fields; especially those related to clean energy technologies, such as fuel cells, batteries and solar panels. Many functional properties of these materials derive from lattice imperfections, or defects, and a lot of effort has been put into fine tuning these materials by modifying their structure on the atomic scale. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Acceptor-doped barium zirconate: Oxidation, hydration and space-charge formation

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Anders Lindman; [2015]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; BaZrO3; space charge; point defects; oxidation; GW; hydration; density functional theory; grain boundaries; interatomic potential; perovskites;

    Sammanfattning : The current production and use of fossil fuels is not sustainable and new technologies are needed to become more independent of these fuels.The hydrogen economy, with the fuel cell as an efficient converter of chemical to electrical energy, is a desirable alternative.For this to become a reality, new materials with tailored properties are required. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Proton conductivity of lanthanum and barium zirconate: Microscale aspects on first-principles basis

    Detta är en avhandling från ; Chalmers tekniska högskola; Gothenburg

    Författare :Joakim Nyman; [2012]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; first principles; trapping; conductivity; grain boundary; segregation; pyrochlore; space charge; solid oxide fuel cell; depletion; electrolyte; La2Zr2O7; oxygen vacancy; BaZrO3; proton; DFT; point defect; perovskite; acceptor;

    Sammanfattning : Fuel cells are devices which convert chemical energy into electrical energy cleanly and efficiently. Development of fuel cells compatible with hydrocarbon fuels would make more efficient use of present fossil and renewable fuels, and also enable progress towards a future hydrogen economy. LÄS MER