Hittade 4 avhandlingar innehållade ordet BEOL.
Sammanfattning : Silicon nanowires (SiNW) are in the spotlight for a few years in the research community as a good candidate for biosensing applications. This is attributed to their small dimensions in nanometer scale that offers high sensitivity, label-free detection and at the same time utilizing small amount of sample. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Moore's law has defined the semiconductor industry for the past 50 years. Devices continue to become smaller and increasingly integrated into the world around us. Beginning with personal computers, devices have become integrated into watches, phones, cars, clothing and tablets among other things. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The main aim of this work is to demonstrate the easibility of designing and characterizing monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) variable gain amplifiers (VGA) and small signal amplifiers in III-V (GaAs) and 90 nm CMOS technologies, respectively. The VGA is studied at the IFfrequency of 2. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Variable Gain Amplifier finds extensive use in the high frequency demonstrators specially those operating in the millimeter-wave regions and beyond where the incoming RF signal level can have wide variations. To maintain a constant signal level an IF VGA has been designed that can offer a dynamic variation of gain as much as 45 dB together with a high maximum gain and a low noise figure. LÄS MER