Sökning: "Arterial Pulsatility"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden Arterial Pulsatility.

  1. 1. Cerebral blood flow and intracranial pulsatility studied with MRI : measurement, physiological and pathophysiological aspects

    Författare :Anders Wåhlin; Anders Eklund; Jan Malm; Richard Birgander; William G Bradley; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Arterial Pulsatility; cerebrospinal fluid; cerebral blood flow; venous flow; intracranial pressure; pulse pressure; dementia; hippocampus; multiple sclerosis; magnetic resonance imaging; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : During each cardiac cycle pulsatile arterial blood inflates the vascular bed of the brain, forcing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and venous blood out of the cranium. Excessive arterial pulsatility may be part of a harmful mechanism causing cognitive decline among elderly. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cerebral blood flow distribution, collateral function and pulsatility in healthy and in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis  : a magnetic resonance imaging approach

    Författare :Laleh Zarrinkoob; Jan Malm; Anders Eklund; Khalid Ambarki; Sepideh Amin-Hanjani; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Aging; Arterial pulsatility; Carotid stenosis; Cerebral arteries; Cerebral blood flow; Cerebral collateral blood flow; Circle of Willis; Phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging;

    Sammanfattning : Background: For the detection and treatment of early cerebral vascular disease it is of paramount importance to first understand the normal physiology of the cerebral vasculature, and subsequently, to understand how and when pathology can develop from that. This is especially important as the population above 65 years of age is increasing and aging itself is an established risk factor for the development of cerebral vascular disease. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Analysis of ICP pulsatility and CSF dynamics : the pulsatility curve and effects of postural changes, with implications for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus

    Författare :Sara Qvarlander; Anders Eklund; Jan Malm; Richard Birgander; Martin U Schuhmann; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Cerebrospinal fluid; CSF dynamics; Intracranial pressure; Pulse pressure; Normal pressure hydrocephalus; Posture; Predictive tests; Mathematical modelling; Magnetic resonance imaging; Infusion tests;

    Sammanfattning : The volume defined by the rigid cranium is shared by the brain, blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). With every heartbeat the arterial blood volume briefly increases and venous blood and CSF are forced out of the cranium, leading to pulsatility in CSF flow and intracranial pressure (ICP). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Studies on Prostanoid Production in the Umbilicoplacental Circulation

    Författare :Pia Saldeen; Malmö Reproduktionsmedicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; gynaecology; Obstetrics; Umbilical; Thromboxane; Pulsatility Index; Prostacyclin; Pregnancy; Placenta; Peroxidation; Growth restriction; Endoperoxides; Endothelium; Doppler; Diabetes; sexualitet; reproduktion; andrologi; gynekologi; andrology; reproduction; sexuality; Obstetrik;

    Sammanfattning : The fetoplacental circulation is a low pressure system with a high vascular prostacyclin to thromboxane (Pc/Tx)synthesis ratio. In intrauterin growth restriction (IUGR) and diabetes the prostanoid balance may be altered. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Human fetal cerebral circulation - Perinatal Doppler velocimetry and fetal pulse oximetry studies

    Författare :Alf Maesel; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Obstetrics; pulse oximetry; neonate; labor; fetus; Cerebrovascular circulation; Doppler ultrasound; gynaecology; andrology; reproduction; sexuality; Obstetrik; gynekologi; andrologi; reproduktion; sexualitet;

    Sammanfattning : The studies upon which this thesis is based were designed to evaluate normal fetal and neonatal adaptation and the effects of obstetrical interventions during labor and delivery on fetal and neonatal cerebral circulation. Non-invasive Doppler ultrasound was used to record blood flow velocities from the middle cerebral artery (MCA) both antenatally from the fetus, and from the newborn in the early neonatal period. LÄS MER