Sökning: "Alpha cell"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 596 avhandlingar innehållade orden Alpha cell.

  1. 1. Studies of neuropeptides in pancreatic beta cell function with special emphasis on islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP)

    Författare :Ella Karlsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; alpha cell; amylin; beta cell; chromogranin; growth; IAPP; insulin; islet amyloid polypeptide; leptin; NOD mice; pancreastatin; pancreatic islet; proliferation; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology;

    Sammanfattning : The presence of protein amyloid in pancreas and its association to diabetes was first described 100 years ago in 1901, but was not identified as Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP) until 1986. The aim of the present work was to determine the role of the beta cell hormone, IAPP, in normal pancreatic islet physiology and during early disturbances of islet function. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cellular targets of HAMLET, their role in tumor cell death and therapeutic potential

    Författare :Aftab Nadeem; immunologi och glykobiologi - MIG Avdelningen för mikrobiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cancer therapy; colon cancer; bladder cancer; cell death; HAMLET; alpha-lactalbumin; oleate; membrane lipids; nucleotide-binding protein; Ras GTPases; alpha-helical peptides;

    Sammanfattning : Protein-lipid complexes have broad and specific effects against cancers of different origins. HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made LEthal to Tumor cells) is a complex of partially unfolded α-lactalbumin and oleic acid that kills a wide range of tumor cells but leaves healthy differentiated cells unaffected. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Adhesion Dependent Signals : Cell Survival, Receptor Crosstalk and Mechanostimulation

    Författare :Anjum Riaz; Staffan Johansson; Bengt Hallberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Integrins; Signal transduction; Protein kinase B; Akt; PI3K; Heparanase; ROS; Mechanosignalling; Molekylär cellbiologi; Molecular Cellbiology; Biology with specialization in Molecular Cell Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär cellbiologi; Cellforskning; Cell Research;

    Sammanfattning : The integrin family of cell surface receptors is evolutionary conserved and found in all multicellular animals. In humans 8-alpha and 18-beta integrins are non-covalently associated into 24 dimers. Integrins mediate cell-extracellular matrix and cell-cell interactions and participate in cell signalling. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Studies of transforming growth factor alpha in normal and abnormal growth

    Författare :Anna-Lotta Hallbeck; Åke Wasteson; Thomas Walz; Annelie Lindström; Carl-Henric Heldin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TGF-alpha; HER; EGFR; synovia; synovial sarcoma; RA; synovitis; Medical cell biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Regulation of growth is of fundamental importance for development of the organism and to maintain health. The induction of cell proliferation and matrix production are influenced by several different signaling systems, most importantly by growth factors. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Islet Amyloid Polypeptide: Interaction with Amyloid Beta, Alpha-Synuclein and BRICHOS

    Författare :Ye Wang; Gunilla Westermark; Ludmilla Morozova-Roche; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; amyloid; IAPP; Abeta; alpha-synuclein; Bri2 BRICHOS; luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes; Medical Cell Biology; Medicinsk cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning :  Amyloid, the congophilic deposits of misfolded protein, are pathological hallmarks of many common diseases, among others, Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Parkinson’s disease (PD), and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Amyloid beta (Aβ) forms senile plaques in AD, alpha-synuclein (aSyn) forms Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites in PD, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) forms islet amyloid in T2D. LÄS MER