Sökning: "Acidification"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 164 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Acidification.

  1. 1. Acidification trends in Swedish lakes : an assessment of past water chemistry conditions using lake sediments

    Författare :Tom Korsman; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Palaeolimnology; acidification history; alkalization; acid deposition; land-use; lake sediments; near infrared spectroscopy; diatoms; multivariate calibration; Sweden;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents temporal perspectives of lake acidification in Sweden. Sediment records have been used to study timing, trends and causes of acidification, and two different techniques for assessing past lake-water acidity are presented. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Genetic adaptation to soil acidification in four grasses

    Författare :Pernilla Göransson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Växtekologi; Plant ecology; Deschampsia flexuosa; Deschampsia cespitosa; Elymus caninus; Poa nemoralis; arbuscular mycorrhiza; stress; tolerance; genetic variation; local adaptation; Al; Soil acidification; pH;

    Sammanfattning : Soil acidification has become a source of serious concern in many parts of the world. In southern Sweden, the deposition of acidifying substances, such as nitrogen and sulphur compounds, has decreased the mean pH of forest soils by almost one unit since the 1950s. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Element cycling in forest soils -modelling the effects of a changing environment

    Författare :Charlotta Walse; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Chemical technology and engineering; soil moisture; decomposition; base cations; weathering; acidification; scenario analysis; Environmental technology; pollution control; Miljöteknik; kontroll av utsläpp;

    Sammanfattning : Element cycling and nutrient supply in forest ecosystems are of vital importance for short-term productivity and for longer-term land management in terms of nutrient leaching and CO2 fixation. This thesis includes a series of studies with the objective of modelling some aspects of the effect of acidification and climate change on element cycling and nutrient supply in forest soil. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Dynamics of forest soil chemistry

    Författare :Mattias Alveteg; Institutionen för kemiteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Chemical technology and engineering; critical loads; regional; recovery; acidification; modelling; SAFE; MAKEDEP; Kemiteknik och kemisk teknologi; Environmental technology; pollution control; Miljöteknik; kontroll av utsläpp;

    Sammanfattning : Acidification caused by emissions of Nitrogen and Sulphur and associated adverse effects on forest ecosystems has been an issue on the political agenda for decades. Temporal aspects of soil acidification and/or recovery can be investigated using the soil chemistry model SAFE, a dynamic version of the steady-state model PROFILE used in critical loads assessment on the national level, e. LÄS MER

  5. 5. A paleolimnological perspective on liming – implications for defining reference conditions in Swedish lakes

    Författare :Matilda Norberg; Ingemar Renberg; Helen Bennion; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Acidification; Liming; European Water Framework Directive; Reference condition; Diatoms; Paleolimnology; Monitoring; Lake sediments; Earth sciences; Geovetenskap; Earth Sciences with Specialization Environmental Analysis; geovetenskap med inriktning mot miljöanalys;

    Sammanfattning : Using paleolimnological techniques, I have studied surface-water acidification and the effects of liming in Swedish lakes on a decadal to millennial time-scale. The overall objective was to contribute to the discussion on the fulfilment of goals within the Swedish liming program. LÄS MER