Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 58 avhandlingar innehållade ordet AMPK.
Sammanfattning : The SNF1/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) belongs to a family of energy sensors that is conserved in all eukaryotes. Activated by ATP depletion, AMPK plays a vital role in restoring the energy balance by enhancing energy-generating and damping energy-requiring processes. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a ubiquitously expressed kinase, which is activated in response to depletion of cellularenergy levels. Once active, it functions to alter cellular metabolism in a way that leads to restoration of energy levels. Therefore,AMPK is described as the key regulator of cellular energy homeostasis. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Abstract Along with liver and muscle tissue, adipose tissue helps maintain normal levels of glucose and lipids in the blood and has a very important role when it comes to storing lipids that can provide whole-body energy. After a meal is ingested, adipocytes take up glucose from the circulation and use it as a substrate for synthesis of new fatty acids (FAs) in a process known as de novo fatty acid synthesis, as well as for synthesis of glycerol. LÄS MER
Sammanfattning : Background and aims: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is connected with elevated glucose levels, which cause impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and degeneration of β-cells. Mechanisms for such glucotoxic effects were explored in the present study.Materials and methods: INS-1E cells were cultured for 5 days in 5. LÄS MER
5. Pharmaceutical Protection of Beta-Cells in Diabetes : Using Tyrosine Kinase Inhibition and NOX4 Inhibitors
Sammanfattning : Diabetes mellitus is a complex and heterogenous disease, with loss of beta-cell function and mass being a characteristic of not only type 1 diabetes (T1D), but also type 2 diabetes (T2D). In T1D, inappropriate inflammatory signaling is thought to participate in the autoimmune suppression and destruction of beta-cells. LÄS MER