Vägen till Varannan damernas : Om kvinnorepresentation, kvotering och kandidaturval i svensk politik 1970-2002

Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: The aim of this dissertation is to analyse women’s political representation in the Swedish parliament 1970-2002, a period during which the share of women parliamentarians increased from 14 to 45 percent, and to assess changes in party rules and party norms in terms of regulative and discursive continuity and change. Inspired by Carol Lee Bacchi’s “What’s the Problem? Approach,” with its focus on the construction of political problems rather than “the problem” as such, this dissertation studies how Swedish political parties have formulated the problem of women’s exclusion from parliamentary politics, what causes of women’s under representation they have identified and what solutions they have proposed. The dissertation also studies how party rules to increase the number of women have been implemented in the 2002 nomination process.The dissertation is based on party documents from the period 1970-2002, a national survey to all nomination committees in the parliamentary election in 2002 and 70 interviews with nomination committee members for three political parties in two electoral constituencies.The analysis shows how both party rules and party norms regarding women’s political representation have changed over time. The analysis also shows that the framing of women’s representation changed over time: from an optimistic view of historical development, gender equality as ‘equal opportunity’ and harmony between the sexes to a critical view on historical development and gender equality as ‘equality of results’. The analysis of the nomination process shows that gender is still a key issue in the composition of party lists but that the number of women on party lists in some parties is dependent on women gatekeepers on the nomination committees. It also shows that the ordering of the list is highly dependent on the candidate list from the previous election and that this order of succession also covers non-winnable seats.

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