Development and evaluation of hybrid joining for metals to polymers using friction stir welding

Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Sammanfattning: Combinations of different materials are increasingly used in the modern engineering structures. The driving forces of this trend are rising fuel costs, global warming, customer demands and strict emission standards. Engineers and industries are forced to improve fuel economy and cut emissions by introducing newly design engines and lightweighting of structural components. The use of lightweight materials in the structures has proved successful to solve these problems in many industries especially automobile and aerospace. However, industry still lacks knowledge how to manufacture components from polymeric materials in combination with metals where significant differences exist in properties.This thesis aims to demonstrate and generate the methodology and guidelines for hybrid joining of aluminium alloys to thermoplastics using friction stir welding. The developed technique was identified, optimized and evaluated from experimental data, metallography and mechanical characterization. The success of the technique is assessed by benchmarking with recent literatures.In this work, lap joints between aluminium alloys (AA5754, AA6111) and thermoplastics (PP, PPS) were produced by the friction stir welding technique. The specimens were joined with the friction stir welding tools under as-received conditions. Metallic chips were generated and merged with the molten thermoplastic to form a joint under the influence of the rotating and translating tool. The effects of process parameters such as rotational speed, translational speed and distance to backing were analyzed and discussed. The investigation found joint strength was dominated by mechanical interlocking between the stir zone and the aluminium sheet. The results also show that the joint strength is of the same order of magnitude as for other alternative joining techniques in the literature.