Single nucleotide polymorphisms related to immune responses in Plasmodium falciparum malaria
Sammanfattning: The current research is directed towards dissection of host genetic factors involved in host immune response and the malaria disease outcome. A possible association between Fc?RIIa polymorphism and anti-malarial antibody (A.M.A) responses were investigated in Sudanese patients in relation to clinical outcome of falciparum malaria. The frequency of the R/R131 genotype was significantly higher in patients with severe malaria as compared with mild malaria. A.M.A IgG3 was shown to be associated with reduced risk of clinical malaria in individuals carrying the H/H131 genotype. Low levels of IgG2 reactive with the Pf332-C231 antigen were associated with lower risk of severe malaria in individuals carrying the H131 allele. Fulani and Masaleit, two sympatric ethnic groups in Sudan, are characterized by marked differences in susceptibility to falciparum malaria. We investigated whether the two populations differ in the frequency of GM/KM allotypes. The distribution of GM/KM phenotypes differed significantly among the two groups, with Gm 6 being significantly lower among the Fulani, and the combined frequency of Km 1,3 and Gm 1,17 5,6,13,14 phenotypes was found to be higher among Masaleit. In interethnic study we investigated whether the two groups differ in the frequency of Fc?RIIa and HbAS genotypes. The frequency of the H/H131, R/R13 and HbAS genotypes differed significantly among the two groups. Moreover, the Fulani showed higher levels of A.M.A IgG2 and lower IgG1 and IgG3 when compared to their sympatric non-Fulani neighbours.A tri-allelic SNP (C/T/A) in the CRP gene was investigated for possible ethnic associations. The A allele, which is associated with higher basal CRP levels, was found to be less frequent in the Fulani compared with non-Fulani ethnic groups both in Sudan and Mali. In conclusion, our results suggest possible associations between Fc?RIIa, CRP genotypes, GM/KM allotypes, and anti-malarial antibody responses and the clinical outcome of falciparum malaria.
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