Rättighet och Rättvisa : Användbarhet av rättighet och rättvisa i sociala projekt

Sammanfattning: In the references invoked by a large number of social projects to achieve their goals, one can find rights and justice as central discursive units in a frequently recurring thought model. In several of these projects the result, time after time, is lack of success. But the same right thought model continues to be taken for granted as a point of departure. The repeated wars on poverty in the USA exemplify this kind of project. There may be several factors that render these projects unable to achieve the goal: obstructive bureaucracy, incompetence, unfavourable economic circumstances, and the complexity of political processes. But these factors belong to the realization phase, which ignores the repeated use of the same right thought model in which I am interested. I have studied a conceivable implementation problem which can be found before the application starts. The aim of this dissertation has been to analyse what rights and justice, as central discursive units in a repeated thought model, can entail for the potential to achieve the goal/the improved state in social projects. The dissertation is characterized by exposition of concepts and problematization of different ways of thinking. I have used a philosophical and a social-science perspective. The methodological design is textual analysis. My analysis shows that rights and justice have a structure made up of two components: a supra-individual meaning which comprises transhistorical basic assumptions and a negotiable meaning which is established through normative discussions. It is the unit's own built-in basic assumptions that I have pinpointed in order to find out what these can bring out in social projects. I have analysed the type of rights and justice that occur in the projects to which I refer: civil rights and social justice. The conclusion is that rights and justice bring effective opportunities but can also impede and even counteract the reformer's aim even before the project starts. Rights and justice rest on basic assumptions which generate precisely the kind of problems that social projects are intended to overcome. One can happen to bring out what one wants to get rid of, regardless of one's own working method and irrespective of organizational, political, and economic circumstances. The practical usefulness of the results have been discussed primarily in relation to the practice of social work.