Journalistikens anatomi : analyser av genrer och textmönster i fem strejkbevakningar i svensk dagspress 1879–1996

Detta är en avhandling från Department of Scandinavian Languages, Lund University, Helgonabacken 14, SE-223 62 Lund, SWEDEN

Sammanfattning: This dissertation deals with journalistic texts in the Swedish daily press. The strike event has been chosen to make comparisons of the same event over time possible. The press coverage of five major Swedish strikes is investigated: the strike of the sawmill workers in the Sundsvall area in 1879, the general strike in 1909, the strike of the metal workers in 1945, the strike of the miners in 1969-70 and the strike of the nurses in 1995-96. The overarching purpose is to show connections between changes in society, in journalism and in the structure of newspaper texts. This is realised through two more concrete purposes. The first is to map how the text universe of the newspapers was constructed and read. The method for this is to reconstruct the genre system of the editorial material of the investigated papers and analyse the functions of the genres. The other purpose consists of discerning, describing and interpreting text patterns in the news genre. The text patterns are structured by dominance for or alternation between voices: the own press voice, another news paper's press voice and the voices of the strike actors. I call the journalism of 1879 quoting journalism as the papers, owing to personal and technical limitations, simply obtained texts by cuttings from each other or by printing other texts without editing. In 1909, the strike events are selected and the texts are constructed based on the respective political perspective of the newspapers, which justifies the label party-politicising journalism. In 1945, the journalistic ideal is to reflect the events. However, the political perspectives of the papers can be seen in how the events are selected and how the strike actors are presented. I call the period party-politically reporting journalism. The coverage of 1969-70 is characterised by dialogues between the paper and the strike actors, sometimes also between the actors themselves, which motivates the label dialoguing journalism. The main pattern for constructing news is alternation between the own press voice and the voices of the strike actors. In 1995-96, the journalistic texts are still constructed with dialogues between the paper and the strike actors, yet also developed into texts where the event with the participating actors is depicted as a drama on a scene, which leads to the label dramatising journalism.

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