Intern kommunal kompetensfördelning
Sammanfattning: In Sweden, the competence to make decisions is divided between different organs withinthe municipalities. The duties of a municipality are divided between the directly electedassembly and the indirectly elected committees. According to the Local Government Act,the municipality assembly decides in all matters involving questions of principle or otherwise of major importance. The competence to make decisions is not only regulated in theLocal Government Act, but also in the Instrument of Government Act, RF. In Chapter 1 art7, it is established that the decisions-making power in the municipalities is exercised byelected assemblies.This thesis has several objectives. One is to investigate which competence themunicipal assembly and its committees have according to the Swedish legal system.Furthermore, it examines which issues the municipal assemblies can delegate tocommittees and the limits of what the committees can delegate to municipal employees.The Local Government Act has been, updated in recent years in order to make it easier forcitizens to influence public services without being a member of a political party. In thisthesis it is investigated which competence that was delegated to citizens through these.changes in the law. A brief survey is also made of the, organisation of the municipalities inthe other Nordic countries.The 1991 Local Government Act made delegation from the assembly to thecommittees much easier. According to the travaux préparatories, this reform is inaccordance with the regulation in chapter 1 art 7 RF. The conclusion is that this may bequestioned in some areas: The use of budget authorisation and the fact that committeesmay be entrusted with the right to prescribe local norms can be in conflict with theregulation in chapter 1 article 7 RF.The users of public services have been given several ways to influence publicservices. In this thesis it is shown that there are legal problems which have not been solved for these new forms of public participation.
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