Integrating Efficacy and Toxicity in Preclinical Anticancer Drug Development Methods and Applications

Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Unversitatis Upsaliensis

Sammanfattning: Preclinical testing is an important part of cancer drug development. The aim of this thesis was to establish and evaluate preclinical in vitro methods useful in the development of new anticancer drugs.In paper I, the development of non-clonogenic assays (FMCA-GM) using CD34+ stem cells for assessment of haematological toxicity was described. A high correlation was seen when comparing the 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) from FMCA-GM with the IC50 from the established clonogenic assay (CFU-GM).In paper II, FMCA-GM was complemented with additional cell models, establishing a normal cell panel. In vitro toxicity towards the five normal cell types was compared with known clinical adverse event profiles. The normal cell panel roughly reflected the tissue specific toxicities but was most useful in the prediction of therapeutic index.In paper III the use of peripheral blood lymphocytes from human, dog, rat and mouse to detect species differences in cellular drug sensitivity was described. Good agreement between our method and the established CFU-GM assay was observed.In paper II the benefit of using primary tumour cells from patients to predict cancer diagnosis-specific activity was studied. The in vitro activity of fourteen anticancer drugs was tested in tumour samples of both haematological and solid tumour origin. In general, clinical activity was well reflected.In paper IV, the efficacy and toxicity models were applied for experimental follow-up of a novel inhibitor of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, CB3 (Phosphoric acid, 2,3-dihydro-1,1-dioxido-3-thienyl diphenyl ester). In the preliminary characterization of CB3, antitumour activity and a favourable toxicity profile were displayed, although the exact mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. CB3 will therefore be further investigated.In conclusion, the work presented here contributes to different parts of the preclinical drug development and the methods may aid in the characterization of anticancer compounds