Det hotade kollektivet : Neolitiseringsprocessen ur ett östmellansvenskt perspektiv
Sammanfattning: This dissertation questions the established view on the social process in connection with Neolithisation. Therefore it has been necessary to discuss more general principles, on how to understand this process of change, when iterant hunter-gatherers became settled farmers. The dissertation begins with a theoretical discussion on the foundations for the interpretation and most important a discussion on differences between the interpretations presented and the treatment of the empirical material on which they are based. A necessary point of departure for understanding the implications an incorporation of domesticates in prehistoric society, i.e. emergence of Funnel Beaker Culture in Sweden, is a principal discussion, social mechanisms of hunters-gatherers on one hand and peoples reactions to changes threatening the social ideology, on the other. Four case studies are used to discuss people’s reaction to change. They clearly indicate that the reaction involved the lifting up of blurred and semiconscious structures to a conscious, ideological level. Inherent in this awareness process has been an active use of material culture, both in the production of symbols and in communication. The most important reason for stating that the Neolithisation must have meant a clear break with the earlier existence is the abandonment of itinerant way of life, both geographically and socially. This abandonment resulted in reactionary process involving material culture. Thus the material culture of the Funnel-Beaker period can be perceived as instruments of reproduction of a historically well-anchored egalitarian ideology. In the dispersed settlement system of autonomous individual farmsteads the collective aggregation sites are given a focal role of the discussion on social reproduction. The social mechanisms of the Early Neolithic society of Eastern Central Sweden are investigated on a local settlement level by an analysis of the production of locally available raw material. This study involve a petrological investigation showed a system of local management in relation to raw material extraction, production and consumption. This system is considered as one way of upholding the social ideology historically situated in the life style of hunters and gatherers.
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