All-oxide ceramic matrix composites
Sammanfattning: This work has concerned the preparation and properties of all-oxide composites. The most common examples of such materials are composites of oxide particles in an oxide matrix, continuous oxide fibres in an oxide matrix and layered composites consisting of alternate layers of different oxides. In the case of continuous fibre composites, the matrix and fibres can be of the same oxide since the mechanical properties of the composite are to a large extent influenced by the interface between the two. All-oxide composites are of interest as possible high temperature materials since they are inherently oxidation resistant. The emphasis of the thesis is on continuous fibre composites. The thesis, consisting of an extensive introductory review and six appended papers (listed in appendix 2), covers a number of aspects of these composites including the properties of candidate oxide constituents, methods of composite preparation, microstructure and mechanical properties. The first paper describes attempts made to prepare alumina composites reinforced with monocrystalline (sapphire) fibres using hot isostatic pressing. The second paper reports on the thermal expansion behaviour of candidate oxides and the consequences of differences in thermal expansion of composite constituents with respect to residual thermal stresses in the composite. Paper VI reports measurements made of the stress-strain and fracture behaviour of experimental sapphire fibre/alumina matrix composites. The materials studied included both unidirectional and 0/90° cross-ply composites, all with a thin layer of zirconia at the fibre/matrix interface designed to adjust the interfacial properties to provide optimum composite stress-strain behaviour. The results could be linked to measurements made of interfacial properties. Papers III, IV and V concern the stress strain behaviour of a commercial all-oxide composite consisting of fine-diameter, polycrystalline oxide fibres in a porous, aluminosilicate matrix. In these composites the fibres were woven in a 0/90° geometry and tested in both the 0/90° and ±45° orientation. The emphasis of the study was on the notch-sensitivity of test specimens containing a central circular hole. Aspects studied included failure mechanisms, the effects of notch size and the effects of high temperature thermal exposure on microstructure and strength degradation. The observed behaviour could be described successfully in terms of a simple model based on fracture mechanics.
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