Verification of Parameterized and Timed Systems : Undecidability Results and Efficient Methods

Sammanfattning: Software is finding its way into an increasing range of devices (phones, medical equipment, cars...). A challenge is to design verification methods to ensure correctness of software. We focus on model checking, an approach in which an abstract model of the implementation and a specification of requirements are provided. The task is to answer automatically whether the system conforms with its specification.We concentrate on (i) timed systems, and (ii) parameterized systems. Timed systems can be modeled and verified using the classical model of timed automata. Correctness is translated to language inclusion between two timed automata representing the implementation and the specification. We consider variants of timed automata, and show that the problem is at best highly complex, at worst undecidable. A parameterized system contains a variable number of components. The problem is to verify correctness regardless of the number of components. Regular model checking is a prominent method which uses finite-state automata. We present a semi-symbolic minimization algorithm combining the partition refinement algorithm by Paige and Tarjan with decision diagrams. Finally, we consider systems which are both timed and parameterized: Timed Petri Nets (TPNs), and Timed Networks (TNs). We present a method for checking safety properties of TPNs based on forward reachability analysis with acceleration. We show that verifying safety properties of TNs is undecidable when each process has at least two clocks, and explore decidable variations of this problem.