On Massive MIMO for Massive Machine-Type Communications
Sammanfattning: To cover all the needs and requirements of mobile networks in the future, the predicted usage of the mobile networks has been split into three use-cases: enhanced mobile broadband, ultra-reliable low-latency communication, and massive machine-type communication. In this thesis we focus on the massive machine-type communication use-case which is intended to facilitate the ever increasing number of smart devices and sensors.In the massive machine-type communication use-case, the main challenges are to accommodate a huge number of devices while keeping the battery lives of the devices long, and allowing them to be placed in far-away locations. However, these devices are not concerned about other features such as latency, high data rate, or mobility.In this thesis we study the application of massive MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) technology for the massive machine-type communication use-case. Massive MIMO has been on the radar as an enabler for future communication networks in the last decade and is now firmly rooted in both academia and industry. The main idea of massive MIMO is to utilize a base station with a massive number of antennas which gives the ability to spatially direct signals and serve multiple devices in the same time- and frequency resource.More specifically, in this thesis we study A) a scenario where the base station takes advantage of a device's low mobility to improve its channel estimate, B) a random access scheme for massive machine-type communication which can accommodate a huge number of devices, and C) a case study where the benefits of massive MIMO for long range devices are quantified. The results are that the base station can significantly improve the channel estimates for a low mobility user such that it can tolerate lower SNR while still achieving the same rate. Additionally, the properties of massive MIMO greatly helps to detect users in random access scenarios and increase link-budgets compared to single-antenna base stations.
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