Growth Dynamics of Semiconductor Nanostructures by MOCVD
Sammanfattning: Semiconductors and related low-dimensional nanostructures are extremely important in the modern world. They have been extensively studied and applied in industry/military areas such as ultraviolet optoelectronics, light emitting diodes, quantum-dot photodetectors and lasers. The knowledge of growth dynamics of semiconductor nanostructures by metalorganic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) is very important then. MOCVD, which is widely applied in industry, is a kind of chemical vapour deposition method of epitaxial growth for compound semiconductors. In this method, one or several of the precursors are metalorganics which contain the required elements for the deposit materials. Theoretical studies of growth mechanism by MOCVD from a realistic reactor dimension down to atomic dimensions can give fundamental guidelines to the experiment, optimize the growth conditions and improve the quality of the semiconductor-nanostructure-based devices.Two main types of study methods are applied in the present thesis in order to understand the growth dynamics of semiconductor nanostructures at the atomic level: (1) Kinetic Monte Carlo method which was adopted to simulate film growths such as diamond, Si, GaAs and InP using the chemical vapor deposition method; (2) Computational fluid dynamics method to study the distribution of species and temperature in the reactor dimension. The strain energy is introduced by short-range valence-force-field method in order to study the growth process of the hetero epitaxy.The Monte Carlo studies show that the GaN film grows on GaN substrate in a two-dimensional step mode because there is no strain over the surface during homoepitaxial growth. However, the growth of self-assembled GaSb quantum dots (QDs) on GaAs substrate follows strain-induced Stranski-Krastanov mode. The formation of GaSb nanostructures such as nanostrips and nanorings could be determined by the geometries of the initial seeds on the surface. Furthermore, the growth rate and aspect ratio of the GaSb QD are largely determined by the strain field distribution on the growth surface.
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