Metallic Amorphous Thin Films and Heterostructures with Tunable Magnetic Properties
Sammanfattning: The primary focus of this thesis is to study the effect of doping on magnetic properties in amorphous Fe100?xZrx alloys. Samples with compositions of x = 7,11.6 and 12 at.% were implanted with different concentrations of H. Moreover, the samples with a composition of x = 7 at.% were also implanted with He, B, C and N. Magnetic measurements were performed, using SQUID magnetometry and MOKE, in order to compare the as-grown and the implanted films. The Curie temperature (Tc) increases and the coercivity (Hc) decreases, with increasing dopant volume. We also found that Hc increases with temperature for B and C doped samples. Magnetization curves at low temperature validate the presence of non-collinear spin configurations in the as-grown films, which is suppressed after doping, resulting in films with tunable soft magnetic properties. We have also studied the effect of interlayer mixing and finite size effects on FeZr in Fe92Zr8/AlZr multilayer films, and found an anomalous increase of Tc with decreasing thickness.Strain induced changes in the magnetization of an amorphous Co95Zr5 film at the orthorhombic phase transition of the BaTiO3 substrate, was also studied. The results show that structural modifications of the substrate increases the stress and hence changes the magnetic anisotropy in the amorphous Co95Zr5 layer.Finally, the magnetization reversal of Co and CoX heterostructures, with X being Cr, Fe, Ni, Pd, Pt and Ru, has been studied. For this purpose a synthetic antiferromagnet structure, FM/NM/FM, was used, where FM is a ferromagnetic Co or CoX layer and NM is a nonmagnetic Ru spacer layer. The FM layers are coupled antiferromagnetically across the NM layer. For a range of FM layer thicknesses, the exchange stiffness parameter Aex and the interlayer coupling (JRKKY ) of the Co or CoX layers were obtained. This is done by fitting M(H) curves, measured by SQUID magnetometry, to a micromagnetic model. The alloying in CoX resulted in a decreasing Aex and also a reduced MS. The experimental results are in a good agreement with DFT calculations.
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