Modeling and Model Reduction in Automotive Systems
Sammanfattning: The current control design development process in automotive industry and elsewhere involves many expensive experiments and hand-tuning of control parameters. Model based control design is a promising approach to reduce costs and development time. In this process low complexity models are essential. This thesis combines the areas of modeling and model reduction in automotive systems. A model of the exhaust gas oxygen sensor, used for air-fuel ratio control in automotive spark ignition engines, is developed and successfully validated. A model reduction case study is also performed on an engine air path. The heuristic method commonly used when modeling engine dynamics is compared with a more systematic approach based on the balanced truncation method. Finally, a method for model reduction of nonlinear systems has been derived. The procedure is focused on reducing the number of states using information obtained by linearization around trajectories. The methodology is closely tied to existing theory on error bounds and good results are shown in form of examples and simulation data.
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