Multicomponent Reactions in 11C/12C Chemistry : – Targeting the Angiotensin II Subtype 2 Receptor
Sammanfattning: Section 1 of this thesis contains an introduction to method development in organic synthesis, multicomponent reactions, sulfonyl azides, tracer development in 11C chemistry and the biological target.Section 2 describes the use of sulfonyl azides in carbonylative chemistry. Paper I covers development of a diazotransfer protocol. In total, 30 arylsulfonyl azides were synthesised from primary sulfonamides (20–90% yield). 15N mechanistic studies were carried out and in Paper II, the products were converted into sulfonamides, sulfonylureas and sulfonyl carbamates (19–90% yield). For ureas and carbamates, a two-chamber protocol was employed to release CO from Mo(CO)6. 15N mechanistic studies showed that the sulfonamides were formed by direct displacement of azide.Section 3 covers imaging and biological studies of the angiotensin II receptor subtype 2 (AT2R). In Paper III, 12 11C-sulfonyl carbamates were prepared in isolated radiochemical yields of 3–51% via Rh(I)-mediated carbonylation. The first non-peptide AT2R agonist, C21, was labelled (isolated RCY 24±10%, SA 34–51 GBq/µmol). C21 was tested in a prostate cancer assay, followed by biodistribution and small-animal PET studies. In Paper IV, a 11C-labelled AT2R ligand prepared via Pd(0)-mediated aminocarbonylation was used for autoradiography, biodistribution and small-animal PET studies. Section 4 describes the development of a multicomponent method for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones (Paper V). 31 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones were synthesized via a cyclic iminium ion.
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