Yrke, Status och Genus: En sociologisk studie om yrken på en segregerad arbetsmarknad

Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg University

Sammanfattning: This dissertation is a study of occupational prestige/ status with the purpose of describing and interpreting perceptions of occupational prestige. The analytical focus is the relationship between occupational prestige and gender. Three methods have been used in the study: a survey, focus group interviews and an analysis of public descriptions of occupations. The survey was conducted in 2002 and questionnaires were distributed to 3032 respondents. The response rate was 61 percent. Four focus group interviews were conducted where participants were asked to rank order 20 occupations. The Swedish national labour market board's (AMS) occupational descriptions were analysed to fmd out to what extent these reproduced stereotyped images concerning gender and dass. The ranking order of occupations is similar to those found in earlier studies. Occupational prestige may be perceived as a stable phenomenon in society. There is a strong agreement on the status of different occupations between different subgroups in society. The ranking orders constructed by the focus groups were also equivalent to the survey ranking order. Levels of income, educational requirements, levels of influence and a positive reputation have a positive influence on occupational prestige. The share of women within an occupation has a negative effect on occupational prestige but only in occupations found on the top of the occupational ranking order. Educational requirements were stronger criteria for occupational status in some occupations, while income was stronger in others. It also seems as if different factors have varying significance for occupational prestige, depending on the occupation being discussed. In addition, several of these criteria of prestige have also in other studies been associated with masculinity. The public descriptions of occupations that were analysed did not reproduce images of gender. However, dass seems to be a factor affecring the occupational descriptions, since prestigious occupations are described with a more advanced language and with a frequent use of tides.

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