Kön i förändring : Den svenska könsrollsforskningen 1959-1979
Sammanfattning: This doctoral thesis analyzes Swedish sex role research between 1959 and 1979. The focal point of the analysis is how researchers reshaped ideas about sex/gender. This process is put in relation to the political context which affected and was affected by such ideas. The main purpose of the thesis is divided into three main inquiries: Which ideas about sex and individuality were contructed by sex role researchers? Which ideas about sex and power were presented in the sex role research? Which ideas about science and research were communicated by sex role researchers? The thesis shows that the Swedish sex role research had its peak during the sixties and seventies. The thesis puts previous notions of the transition from sex role research to women’s studies into question. There were collaborations, smooth transitions and fluent boundaries. Women’s studies and sex role research had been two parallel orientations of research. Sex role research influenced and colored debate and politics, the Swedish language and scientific terminology. The entire debate changed when the concept of sex roles was introduced and summarized new research findings about social sex. The researchers continuously related to those who desired reforms and also to a possible opposition. In the early sixties, the social criticism and ideas about sex, family and power were carefully and moderately phrased. Thanks to both the changes in the debate and the establishment of the sex role research, a more direct expression of ideas aiming to transform society became possible. At the end of the period sex role theory was ousted in favor of other theories regarding power and sex/gender.
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