Neuropathic Pain; Quality of Life, Sensory Assessments and Pharmacological Treatments

Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Sammanfattning: Neuropathic pain of central and peripheral origin presents a substantial clinical problem as it is often resistant to pharmacological treatment.The health related quality of life of 126 patients with peripheral neuropathic pain was studied, to provide a cross sectional description from this point of view. Two generic health-related quality of life instruments; the SF-36 and the Nottingham Health Profile were used together with pain assessments, global rating of health and verbal rating scales of pain and other symptoms, as well as patient descriptors.The analgesic effect of ketamine, lidocaine and morphine were assessed in a double blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study design. Three groups of patients were studied: patients with peripheral neuropathic pain of traumatic origin, patients with central post-stroke pain and patients with neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury. Somatosensory function was examined to see if this could predict response to treatment and to investigate if the drugs caused changes in thermal or mechanical sensibility.The results shows that the intense pain, limited efficacy and tolerability of available treatments, the low overall rating of health, reduced work status and troublesome symptoms constitute a substantial impact on the quality of life for patients with peripheral neuropathic pain.The NMDA-antagonist ketamine yielded substantial pain relief to patients with peripheral neuropathic pain and patients with neuropathic pain after spinal cord injury. However, the reported side effects limit the clinical usefulness of the treatment. Lidocaine did not give significant pain relief to the patients in the three studied groups. Morphine may represent a therapeutic alternative for some patients with central post-stroke pain, although only a small group of this category of patients responded with analgesia.Assessment of baseline somatosensory functions could not be used to identify responders to treatment with either drug, nor did ketamine, lidocaine or morphine cause any changes in thermal or mechanical sensibility.