Gaussian fluctuations in some determinantal processes

Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

Sammanfattning: This thesis consists of two parts, Papers A and B, in which some stochastic processes, originating from random matrix theory (RMT), are studied.In the first paper we study the fluctuations of the kth largest eigenvalue, xk, of the Gaussian unitary ensemble (GUE). That is, let N be the dimension of the matrix and k depend on N in such a way that k and N-k both tend to infinity as N - ?. The main result is that xk, when appropriately rescaled, converges in distribution to a Gaussian random variable as N ? ?. Furthermore, if k1 < ...< km are such that k1, ki+1 - ki and N - km, i =1, ... ,m - 1, tend to infinity as N ? ? it is shown that (xk1 , ... , xkm) is multivariate Gaussian in the rescaled N ? ? limit.In the second paper we study the Airy process, A(t), and prove that it fluctuates like a Brownian motion on a local scale. We also prove that the Discrete polynuclear growth process (PNG) fluctuates like a Brownian motion in a scaling limit smaller than the one where one gets the Airy process.