"Jag kan öppna fönstret när jag vill" : Boendesituationen för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning

Sammanfattning: Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore and develop knowledge about the housing situation for people with psychiatric disabilities, based on the residents' perspectives.Methods: Three studies are based on a new Swedish questionnaire (SHPD) containing preconceived questions (Studies I-II) and two open-ended questions (Study III), while two studies are theory-generating (Studies IV-V). I - the psychometric properties of SHPD (ICC, descriptive statistics, factor analysis); II - the degree and predictors of housing satisfaction (descriptive statistics, logistical regression analysis); III - the best and worst in housing situation (qualitative content analysis); IV-V - Classic grounded theories about people with psychiatric disabilities, living in supported housing (IV) and in ordinary housing with housing support (V).Results: The results show good psychometric properties for SHPD, a generally high degree of housing satisfaction, and reveal security, privacy and choice as important predictors for satisfaction. Life in supported housing is shown to be characterized by constant togetherness, limited self-determination and violated integrity. Being deprived of self-determination emerged as the main concern for residents, who handle this through striving for meaning. Life in ordinary housing with housing support is shown to be characterized by independence, self-determination, loneliness, and sometimes lack of support. The impossible mission in everyday life emerged as the main concern for residents, who deal with this concern through mastering everyday life. The housing support staff are important facilitators in the process of mastering everyday life, and the continuity of housing support is a prerequisite for the process to succeed.Conclusions: The thesis contributes knowledge about the housing situation for people with psychiatric disabilities. The thesis raises awareness of a need for changes in housing support services towards housing forms and support that strengthen the residents' integrity and autonomy. The individuals' experiences need to be considered in planning and performance of housing support services, and security, privacy, choice, social support and continuity in housing support need to be prioritized.

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