Den surrealistiska erfarenheten: Upplevelsen. En tolkning av surrealismens åskådning
Sammanfattning: The purpose of the study is to offer an interpretation of surrealism as lived experience or, more exactly, an interpretation of the ways in which the Surrealists themselves respond to and conceive of this experience. Thus, emphasis is put on surrealism as event and process, not as a historically limited phenomenon. The prime source of knowledge about this kind of experience, however, remains Surrealism as a twentieth.century movement. The problem of interpreting the Surrealists' own accounts is basic to my study. Interpretation is not seen as a kind of translation, but rather as a process of inquiring into the context found in Surrealism itself. This kind of interpretation is largely concerned with unconscious aspects of Surrealist thought. It is primarily a kind of sympathetic interpretation, an attempt to understand the Surrealist viewpoint in its own right. Only in the last instance are any explanations offered why this viewpoint looks the way it does. Often the Surrealists put emphasis on the fact that something is missing in their experience which normally would be a part of it. For instance, they feel estranged from their own works, in which they do not recognize themselves. The surrealist experience appears to them as something unknown and incomprehensible, characterized by a lack of expression and communication in the usual meaning of the words. All these reactions are due to expectations based on ordinary experience. At the same time, the Surrealists bear witness to the fact that something very particular and unique occurs in their experience. Expecially inexplicable reactions imply that something is present in it which is lacking in the ordinary experience: a kind of special order, a special meaning. Two quite different ways of conceiving of this special meaning are met with. Either it is something latent or concealed, or it is something manifest. In the former case, ordinary experience is regarded as normative for what is real, in the second case, the surrealist experience itself is the norm. Both these ways of looking at things, however, can be explained from basic psychological motives. Finally, the preconditions and essence of a true experience of the special meaning of the surrealist experience, as understood by the Surrealists, are examined.
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