Nordiska ortnamn på -und

Sammanfattning: In this thesis, an investigation and classification of Scandinavian place-names in -und is undertaken. The thesis comprises two main sections: Part 1, containing a review of earlier research and discussions of broader issues, and Part 2, consisting of studies of, individual names, arranged inalphabetical order. The name studies provide the material on which the discussions in Part 1 are based.It has long been recognized that -und names do not constitute a uniform group, but can be broken down into three main formational types. Two of these consist of derivative forms, created by the addition of -und to nouns (denominative) or verbs (deverbative). The third group consists of compound names, with OSw. '-unde, '-under m. `lake' as their final element.It turns out that the majority of names in -und are derivatives, with the denominative group by far the larger of the two. In the denominative derivatives, the suffix -und generally indicates that the place is characterized by whatever is expressed by the derivative base, as for example in the island name ONorw. Eikund f. 'the one characterized by oaks'. In the derivatives formed from verbs, -und is an old present participle suffix, as in the river, fiord and island name ONorw.'JQsund f. 'the seething, foaming one'. The -und suffix of both the denominative and the deverbative names appears to go back to the form-nt- of the Indo-European suffix -nt-.Derivative names in -und can be found scattered across the old Germanic-speaking parts of Scandinavia, i.e. the whole of Denmark and all but the far north of Norway and Sweden, but are absent from areas not colonized until Viking times.These derived place-names appear to be very old. Various dating criteria suggest that they have their roots in a pre-Germanic, Indo-European period, but can generally be dated to the Germanic era.The compound -und names represent an entirely separate category. They consist of (original)lake names, occurring within a limited area of southern Sweden. For several reasons, this groupappears to be younger than the derivative place-names: among other things, derived -und namesseem to have served as models for compound forms.

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