Self-Knowledge/Self-Regulation/Self-Control: A Ubiquitous Computing Perspective
Sammanfattning: This thesis is about self-knowledge, self-regulation and self-control. All three of these terms are easily understandable, and apply to situations in our daily lives (like misjudging one’s own competence at retiling the bathroom floor, or feeling the anxiety and thrill of doing unsupervised work, or guiltily hitting the snooze-button for the fifth time, and missing half a day of school). The five papers collected in the thesis are arranged in a rough progression from theoretical to applied. All papers are co-authored with Petter Johansson, and for paper five, also with David de Léon. The first paper analyzes some lingering influences that introspectionist accounts of self-knowledge hold over cognitive science and psychological research. The paper identifies outstanding questions that have been neglected by the introspectionist paradigm of self-knowledge, and sketches a profile for a future research program to redress the imbalance. The paper that follows discusses a particular aspect of self-knowledge: knowledge of mental strategies, things that we believe ourselves to be doing in our minds. It is argued that in order to come to grips with this undeniably important, but highly troublesome category of mental activity, additional sources of evidence besides introspective judgment is needed. The paper explores the role brain imaging technology might play in this process. The third paper discusses the relationship between the concept of neurofeedback and research on metacognition, and analyzes the potential role of neurofeedback both as a research tool and as a practical metacognitive aid. The fourth paper has a more applied focus. It provides an overview of a variety of processes of self-regulation in the educational domain, and identifies ways in which these processes could be supported by sensor and computing technology. Particular emphasis is placed on the possibilities inherent in wireless sensing of human affective states. The topic of the fifth and final paper of the thesis is the perennial problem of self-control. A basic model of the domain of self-control is provided and a range of suggestions for how modern sensor and computing technology might be of use in scaffolding and augmenting our self-control abilities is presented. The proposed solutions are founded on the possibilities of precommitment, and explication of self-knowledge, afforded by these new technologies.
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