Electronic Structure and Lattice Dynamics of Elements and Compounds

Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Sammanfattning: The elastic constants of Mg(1-x)AlxB2 have been calculated in the regime 0<x<0.25. The calculations show that the ratio, B/G, between the bulk- and the shear-modulus stays well below the empirical ductility limit, 1.75, for all concentrations, indicating that the introduction of Al will not change the brittle behaviour of the material considerably. Furthermore, the tetragonal elastic constant C’ has been calculated for the transition metal alloys Fe-Co, Mo-Tc and W-Re, showing that if a suitable tuning of the alloying is made, these materials have a vanishingly low C'. Thermal expansion calculations of the 4d transition metals have also been performed, showing good agreement with experiment with the exception of Nb and Mo. The calculated phonon dispersions of the 4d metals all give reasonable agreement with experiment. First principles calculations of the thermal expansion of hcp Ti have been performed, showing that this element has a negative thermal expansion along the c-axis which is linked to the closeness of the Fermi level to an electronic topological transition. Calculations of the EOS of fcc Au give support to the suggestion that the ruby pressure scale might underestimate pressures with ~10 GPa at pressures ~150 GPa. The high temperature bcc phase of the group IV metals has been calculated with the novel self-consistent ab-initio dynamical (SCAILD) method. The results show good agreement with experiment, and the free energy resolution of < 1 meV suggests that this method might be suitable for calculating free energy differences between different crystallographic phases as a function of temperature.

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