Processförbättring vid tillverkning av konstruktionskeramer
Sammanfattning: This thesis is about implementing Design of Experiments in enterprises manufacturing high performance ceramics. The manufacturing of ceramics is a complex process which involves problems with variation in product properties and in process performance. Every system in operation generates information that can be used to improve it. To be able to improve, measurements must be made and recorded data must be transformed into information. Design of Experiments is about performing tests using a minimum of resources to receive a maximum of information about a process or a system. Today most of the development of processes and products is done supported by expensive, and often misleading, one-factor-at-a-time experiments. To examine the possibilities of facilitating implementation of Design of Experiments, case-studies of two Swedish manufacturers of high performance ceramics were carried out. A model of implementing Design of Experiments is presented based on theory and the case-studies. The proposed model consists of three major phases: 1.Planning and education. 2.Pilot project with new ways of working. 3.Assessment, maintenance and improvement. Design of Experiments appears to be a well suited technique for structuring the development of manufacturing high performance ceramics. The implementation of Design of Experiments could be facilitated by long-term planning for process improvement. To make assessment and evaluation possible, process performance should be documented not only after but also before an implementation takes place. Both knowledge about statistics and knowledge about the studied processes should be present in the teams carrying out experiments.
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