Surface Modified Capillaries in Capillary Electrophoresis Coupled to Mass Spectrometry Method Development and Exploration of the Potential of Capillary Electrophoresis as a Proteomic Tool
Sammanfattning: The increased knowledge about the complexity of the physiological processes increases the demand on the analytical techniques employed to explore them. A comprehensive analysis of the entire sample content is today the most common approach to investigate the molecular interplay behind a physiological deviation. For this purpose a method that offers a number of important properties, such as speed and simplicity, high resolution and sensitivity, minimal sample volume requirements, cost efficiency and robustness, possibility of automation, high-throughput and wide application range of analysis is requested. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) has a great potential and fulfils many of these criteria. However, further developments and improvements of these techniques and their combination are required to meet the challenges of complex biological samples.Protein analysis using CE is a challenging task due to protein adsorption to the negatively charged fused-silica capillary wall. This is especially emphasised with increased basicity and size of proteins and peptides. In this thesis, the adsorption problem was addressed by using an in-house developed physically adsorbed polyamine coating, named PolyE-323. The coating procedure is fast and simple that generates a coating stable over a wide pH range, 2-11. By coupling PolyE-323 modified capillaries to MS, either using electrospray ionisation (ESI) or matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation (MALDI), successful analysis of peptides, proteins and complex samples, such as protein digests and crude human body fluids were obtained. The possibilities of using CE-MALDI-MS/MS as a proteomic tool, combined with a proper sample preparation, are further demonstrated by applying high-abundant protein depletion in combination with a peptide derivatisation step or isoelectric focusing (IEF). These approaches were applied in profiling of the proteomes of human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and human follicular fluid (hFF), respectively. Finally, a multiplexed quantitative proteomic analysis was performed on a set of ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (vCSF) samples from a patient with traumatic brain injury (TBI) to follow relative changes in protein patterns during the recovery process.The results presented in this thesis confirm the potential of CE, in combination with MS, as a valuable choice in the analysis of complex biological samples and clinical applications.
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