Lärarutbildning mellan det bekanta och det obekanta : En studie av lärares och lärarstudenters beskrivningar av levd erfarenhet i skola och högskola
Sammanfattning: Öberg Tuleus, Marianne (2008): Lärarutbildning mellan det bekanta och det obekanta. En studie av lärares och lärarstudenters beskrivningar av levd erfarenhet i skola och högskola. (Teacher education between familiarity and strangeness. An inquiry into the descriptions of lived experience told by teachers and student teachers in school and at the university). Monograph. Language: Swedish, with a summary in English. Örebro University, Department of Education, SE-701 82 Örebro, Sweden. Doktorsavhandlingar inom den Nationella Forskarskolan I Pedagogiskt Arbete nr 13. Örebro Studies in Education 23, ISSN 1653-6894, 1404-9570. ISBN 978-91-7668-600-3.AbstractThe aim of this dissertation is to study teacher education as lived experience with an overall ambition to contribute to a deeper understanding of teacher education as a complex phenomenon. A basic interest is to approach teacher education from a point of view where the lived experience of teachers and student teachers in school and on campus is brought into focus. The main question of the study is: what meanings of the phenomenon teacher education emerge, when teacher education is studied as lived experience? To empirically inquire into lived experience a hermeneutical phenomenological perspective is developed. This means a phenomenological understanding of the life-world as an intentional, lived and social world, and a hermeneutical openness to put repeated and confirmed experience into play to open for new experience. The choice of participant observation and conversational interviewing as research methods made it necessary to develop a methodological strategy involving a flexible position as well as a wakeful position.The results of the empirical study are presented in three in-betweens. Each of them focuses on a certain aspect of the life-world, as it emerges from the research question posed. The themes of unifying, modelling and of being market-oriented explore the meaning of teacher education as it comes forth between actor and institutional setting. Between actor and task, the meaning of teacher education takes shape in the lived situations of teachers and teacher students in school and on campus. When the meaning of the phenomenon teacher education unfolds between actor and actor, it is formed in the encounter with the “other”.So far, the results are consistent with earlier research on teacher education. To challenge familiar descriptions and to approach complexity, the results are put into play by the use of corporality, temporality and spatiality as existential themes. This leads to the conclusions that the meaning of the phenomenon teacher education transpires from male and female perspectives. This conclusion puts at risk the gender neutral description of women and men within teacher education as “teachers” and “students”. Secondly, the meaning of the phenomenon teacher education is intertwined with situations where personal and collective experience of teachers and student teachers is expressed in feelings of familiarity and strangeness. This means that the past in the sense of what “traditional” teacher education used to mean is challenged by transformation in terms of what teacher education could mean. Thirdly, the meaning of the phenomenon teacher education always includes different meanings as well as a prevailing meaning that is interacting with the institutional setting. This puts into play the assumption that traditions always stay the same, and that reproduction dominates transformation.
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