Att synliggöra det förväntade : förskolans dokumentation i en performativ kultur
Sammanfattning: The aim of the study is to use the documentation produced and made public in preschool to contribute with knowledge about values in preschool performative documentation practice. The study focuses on seemingly valuable actions in the documentations studied.Ball’s performativity concept has been applied to analyze the documentationsthat form the basis of the study. The theoretical concepts of fabrication and second-order activity have been used in the analysis of the material. In addition, core actions within a performative culture characterized by displays, judgements and comparisons form the basis of the analysis. The empirical material consists of documentation produced and made public in preschool bybeing posted on walls and in children’s files.Eight categories of valuable actions emerge from the material: actions related to learning and knowledge, social actions, self-control and obedience, independence, creativity and curiosity, ethical actions, participation and influence, as well as joy and wellbeing.The result shows that actions related to learning and knowledge form the core in preschool documentation practice. Besides representing an overwhelming majority of the documentation studied, they are also included in other valuable action categories. Actions playing a minor role in the material include ethical actions as well as participation and influence. The focus of learning and knowledge lies mainly on particular subjects or curriculum areas, such as language, mathematics and science. Most documentation also demonstrates a goal and result orientation which indicates the importance of learning and knowledge. The children are the ones made visible in preschool documentation, while teachers are relatively invisible. The documentation focuses on the knowledge and skills of the children. The assessments are made both implicitly, by highlighting certain actions as valued, and explicitly, bytesting children’s knowledge and abilities by check-up tasks or interviews. Comparisons are not normally made between children, but rather bycomparing children’s current knowledge and skills with what they havedemonstrated previously. The majority of the documents lack information onpreschool contributions to improvements in children’s knowledge.Performative elements like performance, examination, evaluation, check-ups, goal orientation, result orientation and focus on the individual are most distinctly linked to the category of learning and knowledge. This indicates a connection that may contribute to primarily highlighting learning and knowledge in the documentation. This category includes all the analysis concepts that are used in the study and are relevant in a performative culture. Hence, a strong focus on learning and knowledge is in itself an indication that the documentation practice should be characterized as performative.
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