Remote Acoustic Characterization of Thin Sheets

Detta är en avhandling från Karlskrona : Blekinge Institute of Technology

Sammanfattning: There is a need to monitor the existence and effects of damage in structural materials. Aircraft components provide a much publicized example, but the need exists in a variety of other structures, such as layered materials used in food packaging industries. While several techniques and models have been proposed for material characterization and condition monitoring of bulk materials, less attention has been devoted to thin sheets having no flexural rigidity. This study is therefore devoted to the development of a new method for acoustic Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) and material characterization of thin sheets used in food packaging materials or similar structures. A method for assessing the strength in the presence of crack of thin sheets used in food packaging is first presented using a modified Strip Yield Model (SYM). Resonance frequency measurement is then introduced and it is shown, at low frequency range (less than 2kHz), that a change in the physical properties such as a reduction in stiffness resulting from the onset of cracks or loosening of a connection causes detectable changes in the modal properties, specifically the resonance frequency. This observation leads to the implementation of a simple method for damage severity assessment on sheet materials, supported by a new theory illustrating the feasibility of the detection of inhomogeneity in form of added mass, as well as damage severity assessment, using a measurement of the frequency shift. A relationship is then established between the resonance frequency and the material’s elastic property, which yields a new modality for sheet materials remote characterization. The result of this study is the groundwork of a low-frequency vibration-based method with remote acoustic excitation and laser detection, for nondestructive testing and material characterization of sheet materials. The work also enhances the feasibility of the testing and condition monitoring of real structures in their operating environment, rather than laboratory tests of representative structures. The sensitivity of the new experimental approach used is liable to improvement while being high because the frequency measurement is one of the most accurate measurements in physics and metrology.