A study of the operation of infimal convolution

Sammanfattning: This thesis consists of five papers (A-E), which examine the operation of infimal convolution and discuss its close connections to unilateral analysis, convex analysis, inequalities, approximation, and optimization. In particular, we attempt to provide a detailed investigation for both the convex and the non-convex case, including several examples. Paper (A) is both a survey of and a self-contained introduction to the operation of infimal convolution. In particular, we discuss the infimal value and minimizers of an infimal convolute, infimal convolution on subadditive functions, sufficient conditions for semicontinuity or continuity of an infimal convolute, "exactness," regularizing effects, continuity of the operation of infimal convolution, and approximation methods based on infimal convolution. A Young-type inequality, closely connected to the operation of infimal convolution, is studied in paper (B). The main results obtained are an equivalence theorem and a representation formula. In paper (C) we consider coercive, convex, proper, and lower sernicontinuous functions on a reflexive Banach space. For the infimal convolution of such functions we establish, in particular, different formulae. Moreover, we demonstrate the possibility of using the formulae obtained for solving special types of Hamilton-Jacobi equations. Furthermore, the operation of infimal convolution is interpreted from a physical viewpoint. Paper (D) presents properties of infimal convolution of functions that are uniformly continuous on bounded sets. In particular, we present regularization procedures by means of infimal convolution. The role of growth conditions on the functions under consideration is essential. Finally, in paper (E) we study semicontinuity, continuity, and differentiability of the infimal convolute of two convex functions. Moreover, under certain geometric conditions, the classical Moreau-Yosida approximation process is, roughly speaking, extended to the non-convex case.