Studier i Härnösands bebyggelsehistoria : 1585-1800-talets mitt. D. 1, Samhällshistorisk bakgrund, planutveckling och offentlig bebyggelse

Sammanfattning:  The aim of the thesis is to investigate the main stages of the physical development of Härnösand. The investigation includes not only buildings, but also streets, quays, bridges and other establishements which form an essential part of the physical environment. Since comparatively few buildings from the period have been preserved, the material for the theses has mainly been collected from archives, it has been the author's ambition to find a material which can be used in antiquarian contexts as much as possible. The theses is mainly arranged as follows:1. Historical background. An outline of the economic, administrative and so cial development.2. The physical development of the town. The development of the inhabited areas of the town is described on the basis of preserved maps. In particular, suggested revisions of existing town plans are studied, and to what extent these were effected. In addition the development of the stipulations for buildings, such as the fire stipulations and the architectural stipulations are studied.3. Public buildings and establishements. A technical and historical description of the church, the town hall, streets, bridges, etc is given. Particular attention is paid to monumental buildings which are interesting from the point of view of the history of art, especially the county governor's house by Olof Tempelman built in 1790 in neo-classistic style, and the »gymnasium« from 1791 with its unique, round pillared hall. The old hospital from 1788 is also stressed as an example of neo-classistic stone architecture »translated« into wood.In a subsequent Part II private buildings will be treated. There the social and geographical distribution of buildings of defferent kinds (dwelling-house, wash-house, cowshed etc) will be studied. The physical shape of these different buildings will also be described - main types and variants of these. A special chapter will be devoted to the development of building techniques. A description will be given of the development of wooden panelling, house-paints, tiled roofs etc. Part II will also include an aesthetic analysis of the town milieu with special emphasis on local traditions of style.