Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 and the Insulin Resistance Syndrome

Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Sammanfattning: In this thesis, different aspects of the insulin resistance syndrome in relation to plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity are investigated in a longitudinal population-based study. Participants were men investigated at ages 50 and 70 with follow-up data on mortality.High PAI-1 activity was associated with low insulin sensitivity, high concentrations of serum triglycerides, high body mass index and high waist/hip ratio, independently of each other and of potential confounders. Low birth weight predicted high blood pressure, insulin resistance, truncal obesity and high PAI-1 activity but not the abdominal obesity or dyslipidaemia present in the insulin resistance syndrome. Increased physical activity level between 50 and 70 years of age, in the absence of active intervention, was associated with improved glucose, insulin, proinsulin and lipoprotein metabolism. Insulin and proinsulin seemed to be important factors that mediate much of the association between a sedentary lifestyle and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. The reported dietary intake of both mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids was positively associated with PAI-1 activity, whereas saturated fatty acid intake displayed no association. The associations present between PAI-1 activity and the fatty acid proportions in serum cholesterol esters were partly influenced by factors related with the insulin resistance syndrome.This thesis provides further knowledge to the epidemiological view of the interrelations of the insulin resistance syndrome, PAI-1, birth weight, and lifestyle factors as physical activity and dietary habits. PAI-1 is a part of the insulin resistance syndrome and is associated both with modifiable and non-modifiable factors related with this syndrome.