Den egna vägen - Sverige och den europeiska integrationen 1961-1971

Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

Sammanfattning: The main purpose of this thesis is to study the reasons behind the Swedish decision not to become a full member of the EEC in the 1960's and 1970's.During this period, Sweden adapted a so called contra-cyclical economic policy characterised by capital and exchange regulations and discriminating establishment rules against foreign citizens. These rules were however incompatible with a membership in the EEC. At the same time, trade with the EEC-countries was of great importance. Therefore an agreement that safeguarded an independent economic policy at the same time as it ensured Swedish trade was considered as urgent and a number of exceptions from the Treaty of Rome were demanded in this respect. Sweden, however, referred these exceptions to areas connected with neutrality and security policy in the belief that this would win sympathy from the Swedish opposition parties as well as from the EEC. This strategy, however, failed with respect to the EEC-countries and a widely spread opinion among these countries was that Sweden only used the neutral-policy-argument as an excuse for safeguarding Swedish domestic policy interests. This led to a massive critique against Sweden. In order not to be blamed for reducing the importance of the policy of neutrality the opposition parties, however, did not question the Swedish arguments which led to a long period of silence in the Swedish EEC-debate.This explanation for the Swedish actions towards the EEC has not been given enough attention by prior researchers. The functionalistic view on the European integration in which integration in one area more or less automatically leads to an extended integration in others is also questioned. This thesis in contrast supports the intergovernmentalistic view on European integration and suggests that economic integration in one area in some cases, for political reasons, encourages self determination in others.

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