Sökning: "Orthopaedics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 388 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Orthopaedics.

  1. 1. Skeletal growth and effects of physical activity during adolescence

    Författare :Martin Sundberg; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2001]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Population-based; Surgery; Physical activity; Longitudinal; Intervention; Growth; Adolescents; Bone mineral density; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate bone mass and bone size in girls and boys from age 12 to 16, with special attention to physical activity. We also wanted to retrospectively evaluate the effect of exercise for the years preceding age 12. The findings were as follows. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Contrast-enhanced MRI of human knee cartilage Clinical applications of the novel dGEMRIC technique to study glycosaminoglycan content in articular cartilage

    Detta är en avhandling från Medicinsk Informationsteknik, Malmö

    Författare :Carl Johan Tiderius; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; Surgery; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; exercise; osteoarthritis; anterior cruciate ligament; glycosaminoglycan; MRI; cartilage; dGEMRIC; knee;

    Sammanfattning : Delayed gadolinium-enhanced MRI of cartilage (dGEMRIC) is a new technique to study cartilage glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content. The negatively charged contrast agent Gd-DTPA2-, injected intravenously, distributes in the cartilage inversely to the likewise negatively charged GAG. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Fibrinolysis and blood loss in major arthroplasty. The effect of tranexamic acid

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University

    Författare :Göran Benoni; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [1997]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; oxygen saturation.; Surgery; blood loss; pharmacokinetics; tranexamic acid; Fibrinolysis; knee and hip arthroplasty; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : Blood loss in major arthroplasty may be abundant and often necessitates blood transfusions. These may transmit disease and entail an immunological burden to the recipient. After trauma and surgery, the fibrinolytic system reacts with a short period of increased activity, followed by a fibrinolytic shut-down. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Physical activity and its effect on bone in the short- and long- term perspective

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University

    Författare :Christian Lindén; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; fractures; children; exercise; bone size; osteoporosis; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; traumatology; aBMD;

    Sammanfattning : Osteoporosis is a growing problem worldwide where Sweden has one of the highest fragility fracture incidences in the world. The growing years are thought to be an opportune time to build strong bones and the enhancement of peak bone mass (PBM) has been suggested as a prevention strategy for osteoporosis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the postmenopausal period

    Detta är en avhandling från Annelie Norrby, Department of Orthopaedics, Malmö University Hospital, 20502 Malmö, Sweden

    Författare :Henrik Ahlborg; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; orthopaedics; hormone replacement therapy.; physical activity; bone strength; bone size; bone loss; longitudinal; Menopause; bone mineral density; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate long-term changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the forearm in the peri- and postmenopausal period. 156 premenopausal women, at baseline aged 48 years, not taking medications and without disease processes known to interfere with bone metabolism, were followed through menopause by measurements of bone mass and skeletal structure at the cortical site of the distal radius by single photon absorptiometry, on average every second year until age 72. LÄS MER