Zwitterionic Sulfobetaine Polymers as Stationary Phases for Liquid Chromatography
Sammanfattning: Liquid chromatography is an important separation technique for a vast number of analytes. This thesis mainly focuses on the development of stationary phases for liquid chromatography based on zwitterionic sulfobetaine polymers.In the thesis, various ways to prepare zwitterionic polymers in an aqueous environment using reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization are described. Both telomers, i.e. short soluble polymer chains containing a functional terminal group, as well as graft polymers on various supports have been synthesized. The RAFT polymerization technique provides an increased degree of control of the final polymers, which may aid in the preparation of more specifically tailored separation materials.Sulfobetaine polymers carry both a positive and a negative charge within a single entity, which results in interesting solution properties as well as highly biocompatible features. These unique features make them especially suited for separation of highly polar and/or charged compounds. An example of the successful separation of short peptides using a stationary phase synthesized with the RAFT technique is given.The unusual properties of sulfobetaine-type polymers are believed to be associated with the structure of water close to the polymer. A study of water structure in some silica based stationary phase grafted with zwitterionic sulfobetaine polymers was conducted. The impact of water structure on retention characteristics was investigated.
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